Guide to Non-Economic Damages in Personal Injury Claims

Wood Atter & Wolf P.A.

When considering filing a personal injury lawsuit, understanding the types of damages you may be entitled to is crucial.

Damages in personal injury claims are typically classified into two main categories: economic and non-economic damages. While economic damages cover tangible losses with clear monetary value, such as medical bills and lost wages, non-economic damages are more elusive and pertain to intangible losses.

This article provides an in-depth look at non-economic damages to help anyone contemplating a personal injury lawsuit.

Understanding Non-Economic Damages

Non-economic damages refer to compensation for intangible losses suffered as a result of an injury. Unlike economic damages, these cannot be quantified with exact dollar amounts from bills or receipts.

Non-economic damages often include:

  • Pain and Suffering: This covers the physical pain and emotional distress that a person may experience due to an injury.
  • Emotional Distress: These damages are related to anxiety, depression, or other emotional health struggles that might arise from an injury.
  • Loss of Enjoyment of Life: When an injury restricts a person’s ability to enjoy hobbies or other pleasures in life, compensation may be sought for this loss.
  • Loss of Consortium: In certain situations, close family members, such as spouses, may seek damages for the loss of companionship, affection, or sexual relations due to the injury.
  • Disfigurement: If an injury leaves permanent scars or other lasting physical changes, you may receive compensation for the effect on your appearance.
  • Loss of Reputation: In some cases, an injury can lead to damages to a person’s reputation, particularly if it involves false statements or accusations.

Calculating Non-Economic Damages

Unlike economic damages, there is no straightforward formula for calculating non-economic damages due to their intangible nature.

The process typically involves several factors:

  • Severity of the Injury: Generally, the more severe the injury, the higher the damages. Permanent injuries or ones that require extensive recovery typically result in higher compensation.
  • Impact on Lifestyle: If the injury significantly alters or limits your lifestyle, hobbies, or daily activities, this can also increase non-economic damages.
  • Emotional Impact: Psychological assessments may be used to quantify the emotional toll the injury has taken on your life.
  • Jurisdiction: The laws and regulations concerning non-economic damages vary by state and can influence how these damages are calculated.
  • Use of Expert Witnesses: Medical experts, psychologists, or vocational rehabilitation specialists might be enlisted to provide testimony about the nature and extent of non-economic damages.
  • Jury Perception: Often, the jury’s perception of the plaintiff and the injury can play a significant role in determining non-economic damages. The jury might consider factors such as the plaintiff’s credibility, the defendant’s conduct, and the overall fairness of the award.

Limitations and Caps on Non-Economic Damages

Some jurisdictions impose caps or limits on non-economic damages in personal injury cases. These caps can vary widely depending on the state, type of injury, or the nature of the defendant’s conduct.

It’s essential to consult with an experienced personal injury attorney in your jurisdiction to understand any applicable limitations.

The Role of a Personal Injury Attorney

Navigating non-economic damages can be a complex process. An experienced personal injury attorney can play a critical role in helping you win your rightful compensation, including:

  • Evaluating Your Case: They can assess the value of the damages based on the specific facts of your case and previous similar cases.
  • Gathering Evidence: Your attorney can collect evidence, such as medical records, expert opinions, and personal testimony, to support your claim for non-economic damages.
  • Negotiating with Insurance Companies: Insurance companies may be reluctant to offer fair compensation for these damages. Your attorney can negotiate on your behalf to seek an equitable settlement.
  • Representing You in Court: If your case goes to trial, an experienced attorney can present your case to a jury in a way that conveys the full impact of your injuries on your life.


Non-economic damages in personal injury claims are an essential but complex aspect of compensation. They seek to provide monetary relief for intangible losses like pain, suffering, emotional distress, and loss of enjoyment in life.

Understanding the nature of these damages, the factors involved in their calculation, potential limitations, and the critical role of a skilled attorney is vital for anyone considering filing a personal injury lawsuit.

Engaging an experienced personal injury attorney who is knowledgeable about the specific laws and regulations in your jurisdiction can make a substantial difference in securing fair compensation for these elusive and deeply personal damages.

By recognizing the scope of non-economic damages and working closely with a skilled legal professional, you can pursue a path toward justice and compensation that reflects the true impact of your injuries.

At Wood, Atter, and Wolf, we strive to solve the most important problems when a client suffers personal injury.

The proven methods we employ create a working environment that allows all parties to resolve their differences.

Call us at (904) 355-8888 or schedule a consultation here. Together, we can make it through this stressful time in your life.

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